Base Elements

Biogeographic Zone


Plains
Western peninsula
Bangalore
Carnatic
Central Provinces
Circars
Coastal
Deccan
Deccan Plateau
Desert zone
S. Arcot
Southern peninsular India

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This is an Indo-Malaysian species. It is commonly seen in wastelands and open forests in central and southern India; commonly planted in gardens as an ornamental.nnBIBLIOGRAPHY-GENERALnAnonymous, Distribution of Medicinal Plants, A Database on Distributio

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References


Dhanvantari Nighantu
Kaiyadev Nighantu
Ashtanga Sangraha
Sodhal Nighantu


Guduchyadivarga
Oshadhivarga
Chikitsasthana

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Medicinal Parts


Flower
fruit
roots
seeds

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Medicinal Action


Aphrodisiac
Appetiser
Cooling
Emetic & Purgative
Improves complexion of skin
Intellect promoting
Kaphapittashamaka / Tridoshashamaka / Kaphashamaka / Pittashamaka
Laxative
Ophthalmic

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Soil


Dry soil
stony soil
gravelly soils
Sandy loam soil
Black cottons
Dry sandy soil

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Miscellaneous


Akot
Chikhalwal
Ghatol
Singhpur
Hunsur
Nagarahole
Anabur State Forest
Aranti
Badami-Hungund Road
Chalkere-Chitradurg Road
Changlare
Chitradurga-Tumkur Road
Golpalli
Gulbarga-Humanabad Road
Gunthgola
Hakampet
Hattikuni Dam
Holalkere-Davangere Road
Hosur
Kalyandurga-Pavagad Road
Kodla-Yadgir Road
Kushtagi-Ron Road
Lakkihalli State Forest
Narasimhadevarabetta
on Pandharpur-Zalki Road
Sanapur
Shahpur-Sindgi Road
Sindgi-Jevargi Road
Sira-Madhurgiri Road
Talakailabetta State Forest
Teggi forest
Tumkur-Bangalore Road
Yadgir Reserve Forest
Chelama
Madhavaram
Peccheruvu
Veldurthi
Mahaballeshwar
Nathyanipally
Chamundi hills
Ahobillam
Dangsaundane
Sindewadikuran area
Warshi
Walayar dam
Chhabra
Ghatol to Banswara road
Kailana
Sardarshahr
Toda Rai Singh R.F.
Rajputana Desert
Avadi
Pallavaram
vandalur
Osmanabad town
Yedsi
Echerla
Jambada
Kothuru
Aliveru, Jangareddigudem Forest Range
Bhogol, Eluru Forest Range
Chintalapudi, Eluru Forest Range
Jeelugumili, Jangareddigudem Forest Range
Kunkala, Knannapuram Forest Range
L.N.D.Peta, Knannapuram Forest Range
Nimmalagudem; Knannapuram F.R.
Thotagandibata, Polavaram Forest Range
Thotagondi, Polavaram F.R.
Along tapti,Melghat

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Pharmacology

Chemical constituentnSeed -- Anthraquinone , Chrysophanic acid , Emodin , Bark -- Tannin ( Napralert ) , Pyrrolizidine alkaloids , Flower -- Sitosterol , Kaempferol,, Leaf -- Emodin , Pod husk -- Chrysophanol , Emodin , Rubiadin [7046]nnAntiviralnAeria

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Description

General/Morphology/LifeForm

Profusely branched tall, evergreen shrub, to 3 m tall, sometimes reaching a height ca 6.0 m. Bark reddish brown, smooth. Leaves 7-10 cm, with large, auricled or rotundo- reniform, foliaceous stipules; leaflets 7-9 pairs, with an orange, erect, gland betwe

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Habitat Location Distribution

Habit & Habitat

Shrub

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Road sides
waste land
Scrub jungles
Forests
dry areas
poor soils
Hill slopes
Along railway tracts
Foot hills
Open wastelands
Thorny scrub jungles
Light sandy soil
dry regions
Coastal areas

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Uses Management

Uses


Abdominal discomfort due to constipation
Abdominal disorders
Dermatoses / Skin diseases
Diarrhoea / Diarrhoea associated with blood
Gulma
Oedema
Worms
Asthma
Blood disorders
Burning sensation
Diabetes
Excessive thirst
Fever
Intrinsic haemorrhage
Loss of semen
Poison
Pruritus
Urinary disorders
Vomiting
Fistula
Rat poisoning
Scrofula
Sinus
Vitiligo
Cough
Piles

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