Base Elements

Biogeographic Zone


Concan
Western ghats
all districts
Bangalore
Bombay
Champaran
S. Arcot
Western coastal

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Globally the species is distributed in Pakistan, India, Nepal, Myanmar (earlier Burma), SriLanka and South East Asia. It is also reported to be cultivated in tropical Africa. Within India it is distributed throughout the plains and lower hills ascending t

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References


Bhavaprakasha Nighantu
Kaiyadev Nighantu
Madanpala Nighantu
Dhanvantari Nighantu
Raj Nighantu
Sodhal Nighantu
Charaka Samhita


Karpuradivarga
Oshadhivarga
Chandanadivarga
Chikitsasthana
Sutrasthana

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Medicinal Parts


roots

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Medicinal Action


Astringent
Cooling
deodorant
Digestive
Improves complexion of skin
Shukrashodhana
Vatashamaka / Pittashamaka / Kaphapittashamaka / Tridoshashamaka

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Soil


moist Clay soils

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Miscellaneous


Kitham
Pachokhara
Achanakmar
Khondra
Khuria
Nanidaman
Kandasankadavu
Ahobilam
Nallamalais
Raigad
Sindhudurg
Ranganthittu
Zari
Matheran
Baghnadi
Sitanadi
Taurenga
Algual
Banatha
Bijiliya-Bhadok
Digotha
Hanumangarh
Adityana Forest (Saurashtra)
Barda Hills (Saurashtra)
Girnar Hills (Saurashtra)
Banetha village
Kharbi range
Penganga felling series
Jaldapara
Edavanna,Nilambur
Karimpuzha,Nilambur
Raisen Forest
Madduvalasa

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Pharmacology

Chemical constituentsnRoots - Essential oil 1.1 - 1.7 %, B- Vetiverone 2- 49 % , Ketone fraction 20 - 90 % [7046] , Essential oil from Indian roots - 0.2 - 0.3 % [7047] , Cardiotonic heterosides , tannins , Flavonoids [7070]nnAntibacterialnEssential oil -

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Description

General/Morphology/LifeForm

A perennial herbs with stout rhizomes. Leaves flat, linear lanceolate; Leaf sheaths compressed. Inflorescence paniculate, spikelets in pairs of one sessile and the other pedicelled. Florets bisexual, pedicelled spikelets compressed.nnBIBLIOGRAPHY-GENERAL

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Habitat Location Distribution

Habit & Habitat

Herb

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Ponds
Cultivated fields and Plains
Open areas
along the banks of backwaters
along the banks of rivulets
along the banks of streams
moist places
moist deciduous forest
Draines
Forests
River beds
moist localities
Moist habitats
Canal banks
River banks
Along streams
Ditches
water courses
Banks of rivers
Forest Margins

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Uses Management

Uses


Blood disorders
Burning sensation
Dermatoses
Dysuria
Erysipelas
Excessive thirst
Fever
Intoxication
Poison
Ulcer
Vomiting
Excessive sweating
Exhaustion
Fatigue
Intrinsic haemorrhage
Urinary disorders
Bleeding piles
Bodyache
Diseases of head
Loss of appetite
Skin diseases
Stanyadushti
Tuberculosis
Vatarakta

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